Thomas Jefferson was the architect of the removal policy of federal Indian affairs. Removal forcibly moved most of the eastern Indian Nations west of the Mississippi River and confiscated their lands in the east for the United States. Ironically, Andrew Jackson is blamed for the Removal Era because Congress passed the Removal Act in 1830, and Jackson carried out most of the physical removals thereafter. But it was Jefferson who first devised this relocation program. He favored this strategy because it made more Indian lands available for purchase by the United States and then for purchase and settlement by American citizens. He tried to justify his policy by claiming it was in the best interests of Indian Nations to put some space between themselves and the land-hungry Americans.
Jefferson first raised the idea of Indian removal in 1776 an 1779 when he called for the Cherokee and Shawnee Nations to be physically driven west of the Mississippi. His first efforts as president to promote a removal policy came in 1802 when his administration made an agreement with Georgia to remove the Cherokee Nation from Georgia if the state would surrender its legal Discovery claim to the western lands. Georgia surrendered its western claim, and the Jefferson administration committed itself to removing the Cherokee Nation from Georgia as rapidly as possible even though the nation had a treaty with the United States that guaranteed its possession of its lands.
—Robert Miller, Native America, Discovered and Conquered: Thomas Jefferson, Lewis & Clark, and Manifest Destiny (via publius-esquire)
important late 60s faux-halloween look.
Sue swiftly snaps sixty sixties selfies.